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Forbes Billionaires - Full List Of The 500 Richest People In The World 2016

1. Bill Gates Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $75 B

Source of wealth: Microsoft

2. rtega" target="_blank">Amancio Ortega

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $67 B

Source of wealth: Zara

3. Warren Buffett

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $60.8 B

Source of wealth: Berkshire Hathaway

4. Carlos Slim Helu

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $50 B

Source of wealth: telecom

5. Jeff Bezos

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $45.2 B

Source of wealth: Amazon.com

6. Mark Zuckerberg

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $44.6 B

Source of wealth: Facebook

7. Larry Ellison

Net Worth: $43.6 B

Source of wealth: Oracle

8. Michael Bloomberg

Net Worth: $40 B

Source of wealth: Bloomberg LP

9. Charles Koch

Net Worth: $39.6 B

Source of wealth: diversified

10. David Koch

Net Worth: $39.6 B

Source of wealth: diversified

11. Liliane Bettencourt

Net Worth: $36.1 B

Source of wealth: L’Oreal

12. Larry Page

Net Worth: $35.2 B

Source of wealth: Google

13. Sergey Brin

Net Worth: $34.4 B

Source of wealth: Google

14. Bernard Arnault

Net Worth: $34 B

Source of wealth: LVMH

15. Jim Walton

Net Worth: $33.6 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

16. Alice Walton

Net Worth: $32.3 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

17. S. Robson Walton

Net Worth: $31.9 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

18. Jianlin Wang

Net Worth: $28.7 B

Source of wealth: real estate

19. Jorge Paulo Lemann

Net Worth: $27.8 B

Source of wealth: beer

20. Ka-shing Li

Net Worth: $27.1 B

Source of wealth: diversified

21. Beate Heister & Karl Albrecht Jr.

Net Worth: $25.9 B

Source of wealth: supermarkets

22. Sheldon Adelson

Net Worth: $25.2 B

Source of wealth: casinos

23. George Soros

Net Worth: $24.9 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

24. Phil Knight

Net Worth: $24.4 B

Source of wealth: Nike

25. David Thomson

Net Worth: $23.8 B

Source of wealth: media

26. Steve Ballmer

Net Worth: $23.5 B

Source of wealth: Microsoft

27. Forrest Mars

Net Worth: $23.4 B

Source of wealth: candy

28. Jacqueline Mars

Net Worth: $23.4 B

Source of wealth: candy

29. John Mars

Net Worth: $23.4 B

Source of wealth: candy

30. Maria Franca Fissolo

Net Worth: $22.1 B

Source of wealth: Nutella, Chocolates

31. Shau Kee Lee

Net Worth: $21.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

32. Stefan Persson

Net Worth: $20.8 B

Source of wealth: H&M

33. Jack Ma

Net Worth: $20.5 B

Source of wealth: Alibaba

34. Theo Albrecht

Net Worth: $20.3 B

Source of wealth: Aldi, Trader Joe’s

35. Michael Dell

Net Worth: $19.8 B

Source of wealth: Dell

36. Mukesh Ambani

Net Worth: $19.3 B

Source of wealth: petrochemicals, oil & gas

37. Leonardo Del Vecchio

Net Worth: $18.7 B

Source of wealth: eyeglasses

38. Susanne Klatten

Net Worth: $18.5 B

Source of wealth: BMW, pharmaceuticals

39. Georg Schaeffler

Net Worth: $18.1 B

Source of wealth: ball bearings

40. Paul Allen

Net Worth: $17.5 B

Source of wealth: Microsoft, investments

41. Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Alsaud

Net Worth: $17.3 B

Source of wealth: investments

42. Joseph Safra

Net Worth: $17.2 B

Source of wealth: banking

43. Carl Icahn

Net Worth: $17 B

Source of wealth: investments

44. Laurene Powell Jobs

Net Worth: $16.7 B

Source of wealth: Apple, Disney

45. Dilip Shanghvi

Net Worth: $16.7 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

46. Huateng Ma

Net Worth: $16.6 B

Source of wealth: internet portal

47. Dieter Schwarz

Net Worth: $16.4 B

Source of wealth: retail

48. Ray Dalio

Net Worth: $15.6 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

49. Stefan Quandt

Net Worth: $15.6 B

Source of wealth: BMW

50. James Simons

Net Worth: $15.5 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

51. Aliko Dangote

Net Worth: $15.4 B

Source of wealth: cement, sugar, flour

52. Michael Otto

Net Worth: $15.4 B

Source of wealth: retail, real estate

53. Len Blavatnik

Net Worth: $15.3 B

Source of wealth: diversified

54. Donald Bren

Net Worth: $15.1 B

Source of wealth: real estate

55. Azim Premji

Net Worth: $15 B

Source of wealth: software services

56. Serge Dassault

Net Worth: $14.7 B

Source of wealth: aviation

57. Tadashi Yanai

Net Worth: $14.6 B

Source of wealth: retail

58. Yu-tung Cheng

Net Worth: $14.5 B

Source of wealth: diversified

59. Hinduja

Net Worth: $14.5 B

Source of wealth: Hinduja Group

60. Leonid Mikhelson

Net Worth: $14.4 B

Source of wealth: gas, chemicals

61. David & Simon Reuben

Net Worth: $14.4 B

Source of wealth: investments, real estate

62. Stefano Pessina

Net Worth: $13.4 B

Source of wealth: drugstores

63. Mikhail Fridman

Net Worth: $13.3 B

Source of wealth: oil, banking, telecom

64. Dietrich Mateschitz

Net Worth: $13.2 B

Source of wealth: Red Bull

65. Abigail Johnson

Net Worth: $13.1 B

Source of wealth: money management

66. Kjeld Kirk Kristiansen

Net Worth: $13.1 B

Source of wealth: Lego

67. Joseph Lau

Net Worth: $13.1 B

Source of wealth: real estate

68. Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor

Net Worth: $13 B

Source of wealth: real estate

69. Thomas & Raymond Kwok

Net Worth: $13 B

Source of wealth: real estate

70. Marcel Herrmann Telles

Net Worth: $13 B

Source of wealth: beer

71. Henry Sy

Net Worth: $12.9 B

Source of wealth: SM Investments Corporation

72. Steve Cohen

Net Worth: $12.7 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

73. Pallonji Mistry

Net Worth: $12.5 B

Source of wealth: construction

74. Hans Rausing

Net Worth: $12.5 B

Source of wealth: packaging

75. Alisher Usmanov

Net Worth: $12.5 B

Source of wealth: steel, telecom, investments

76. Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken

Net Worth: $12.3 B

Source of wealth: Heineken

77. Charles Ergen

Net Worth: $12.2 B

Source of wealth: satellite TV

78. Ronald Perelman

Net Worth: $12.1 B

Source of wealth: leveraged buyouts

79. Vladimir Potanin

Net Worth: $12.1 B

Source of wealth: metals

80. Stephen Ross

Net Worth: $12 B

Source of wealth: real estate

81. Patrick Soon-Shiong

Net Worth: $11.9 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

82. Masayoshi Son

Net Worth: $11.7 B

Source of wealth: internet, telecom

83. Heinz Hermann Thiele

Net Worth: $11.7 B

Source of wealth: brakes

84. Francois Pinault

Net Worth: $11.5 B

Source of wealth: retail

85. David Tepper

Net Worth: $11.4 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

86. Gennady Timchenko

Net Worth: $11.4 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas

87. Carlos Alberto Sicupira

Net Worth: $11.3 B

Source of wealth: beer

88. Shiv Nadar

Net Worth: $11.1 B

Source of wealth: software services

89. Thomas Peterffy

Net Worth: $11.1 B

Source of wealth: discount brokerage

90. Robin Li

Net Worth: $11 B

Source of wealth: internet search

91. Alain Wertheimer

Net Worth: $11 B

Source of wealth: Chanel

92. Gerard Wertheimer

Net Worth: $11 B

Source of wealth: Chanel

93. Alexey Mordashov

Net Worth: $10.9 B

Source of wealth: steel, investments

94. Elon Musk

Net Worth: $10.7 B

Source of wealth: Tesla Motors

95. Charoen Sirivadhanabhakdi

Net Worth: $10.7 B

Source of wealth: beverages

96. Petr Kellner

Net Worth: $10.6 B

Source of wealth: banking, insurance

97. Rupert Murdoch

Net Worth: $10.6 B

Source of wealth: media

98. Viktor Vekselberg

Net Worth: $10.5 B

Source of wealth: metals, energy

99. Lukas Walton

Net Worth: $10.4 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

100. Eric Schmidt

Net Worth: $10.2 B

Source of wealth: Google

101. Iris Fontbona

Net Worth: $10.1 B

Source of wealth: mining

102. Massimiliana Landini Aleotti

Net Worth: $10.1 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

103. Mike Adenuga

Net Worth: $10 B

Source of wealth: telcom, oil

104. Klaus-Michael Kuehne

Net Worth: $10 B

Source of wealth: shipping

105. Robert Kuok

Net Worth: $10 B

Source of wealth: palm oil/shipping/real estate

106. Samuel Newhouse

Net Worth: $10 B

Source of wealth: media

107. Jun Lei

Net Worth: $9.8 B

Source of wealth: smartphones

108. Philip Anschutz

Net Worth: $9.7 B

Source of wealth: investments

109. Jim Kennedy

Net Worth: $9.7 B

Source of wealth: media

110. Blair Parry-Okeden

Net Worth: $9.7 B

Source of wealth: media

111. John Paulson

Net Worth: $9.7 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

112. Kun-Hee Lee

Net Worth: $9.6 B

Source of wealth: Samsung

113. Hasso Plattner

Net Worth: $9.5 B

Source of wealth: software

114. Stephen Schwarzman

Net Worth: $9.5 B

Source of wealth: investments

115. Andrew Beal

Net Worth: $9.4 B

Source of wealth: banks, real estate

116. Vladimir Lisin

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: steel, transport

117. John Menard

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: retail

118. Donald Newhouse

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: media

119. Udo & Harald Tschira

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: Software

120. Galen Weston

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: retail

121. German Larrea Mota Velasco

Net Worth: $9.2 B

Source of wealth: mining

122. Xiangjian He

Net Worth: $9 B

Source of wealth: home appliances

123. Leonard Lauder

Net Worth: $9 B

Source of wealth: Estee Lauder

124. Vagit Alekperov

Net Worth: $8.9 B

Source of wealth: oil

125. Dustin Moskovitz

Net Worth: $8.9 B

Source of wealth: Facebook

126. Luis Carlos Sarmiento

Net Worth: $8.9 B

Source of wealth: banking

127. Gina Rinehart

Net Worth: $8.8 B

Source of wealth: mining

128. German Khan

Net Worth: $8.7 B

Source of wealth: oil, banking, telecom

129. Ernesto Bertarelli

Net Worth: $8.6 B

Source of wealth: biotech, investments

130. Ka Yan Hui

Net Worth: $8.6 B

Source of wealth: real estate

131. Jan Koum

Net Worth: $8.6 B

Source of wealth: WhatsApp

132. Xavier Niel

Net Worth: $8.6 B

Source of wealth: internet, telecom

133. John Fredriksen

Net Worth: $8.5 B

Source of wealth: shipping

134. Cyrus Poonawalla

Net Worth: $8.5 B

Source of wealth: vaccines

135. Gianluigi & Rafaela Aponte

Net Worth: $8.4 B

Source of wealth: shipping

136. Lakshmi Mittal

Net Worth: $8.4 B

Source of wealth: steel

137. Eyal Ofer

Net Worth: $8.4 B

Source of wealth: real estate, shipping

138. Mohammed Al Amoudi

Net Worth: $8.3 B

Source of wealth: oil, diversified

139. Hank & Doug Meijer

Net Worth: $8.2 B

Source of wealth: supermarkets

140. Andrey Melnichenko

Net Worth: $8.2 B

Source of wealth: coal, fertilizers

141. William Ding

Net Worth: $8.1 B

Source of wealth: online games

142. R. Budi Hartono

Net Worth: $8.1 B

Source of wealth: banking, tobacco

143. Reinhold Wuerth

Net Worth: $8.1 B

Source of wealth: fasteners

144. James Goodnight

Net Worth: $8 B

Source of wealth: software

145. Johann Graf

Net Worth: $8 B

Source of wealth: gambling

146. Michael Hartono

Net Worth: $7.9 B

Source of wealth: tobacco, banking

147. Dietmar Hopp

Net Worth: $7.9 B

Source of wealth: software

148. Stanley Kroenke

Net Worth: $7.7 B

Source of wealth: sports, real estate

149. Dmitry Rybolovlev

Net Worth: $7.7 B

Source of wealth: fertilizer

150. Kyung-Bae Suh

Net Worth: $7.7 B

Source of wealth: cosmetics

151. Roman Abramovich

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: steel, investments

152. Emmanuel Besnier

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: cheese

153. Che Woo Lui

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: casinos

154. Robert & Philip Ng

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: real estate

155. Mikhail Prokhorov

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: investments

156. August von Finck

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: investments

157. Ken Griffin

Net Worth: $7.5 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

158. Ananda Krishnan

Net Worth: $7.4 B

Source of wealth: telecom

159. Eli Broad

Net Worth: $7.3 B

Source of wealth: investments

160. Thomas Frist

Net Worth: $7.3 B

Source of wealth: health care

161. Herbert Kohler

Net Worth: $7.3 B

Source of wealth: plumbing fixtures

162. Harry Triguboff

Net Worth: $7.3 B

Source of wealth: property

163. Edward Johnson

Net Worth: $7.2 B

Source of wealth: money management

164. Pierre Omidyar

Net Worth: $7.2 B

Source of wealth: eBay

165. Takemitsu Takizaki

Net Worth: $7.2 B

Source of wealth: sensors

166. Wenyin Wang

Net Worth: $7.2 B

Source of wealth: mining, copper products

167. Micky Arison

Net Worth: $7.1 B

Source of wealth: Carnival Cruises

168. George Kaiser

Net Worth: $7.1 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas, banking

169. Les Wexner

Net Worth: $7.1 B

Source of wealth: retail

170. Alberto Bailleres Gonzalez

Net Worth: $6.9 B

Source of wealth: mining

171. Dhanin Chearavanont

Net Worth: $6.8 B

Source of wealth: food

172. Margarita Louis-Dreyfus

Net Worth: $6.8 B

Source of wealth: commodities

173. Alexei Kuzmichev

Net Worth: $6.7 B

Source of wealth: oil, banking, telecom

174. Nicky Oppenheimer

Net Worth: $6.6 B

Source of wealth: diamonds

175. Peter Woo

Net Worth: $6.6 B

Source of wealth: real estate

176. Jean-Claude Decaux

Net Worth: $6.5 B

Source of wealth: advertising

177. David Geffen

Net Worth: $6.5 B

Source of wealth: entertainment

178. James Chambers

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Media

179. Walter Droege

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Consulting

180. Graeme Hart

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: investments

181. Sandra Ortega Mera

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Zara

182. Katharine Rayner

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Media

183. Margaretta Taylor

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Media

184. John Grayken

Net Worth: $6.3 B

Source of wealth: private equity

185. Uday Kotak

Net Worth: $6.3 B

Source of wealth: banking

186. Qiangdong Liu

Net Worth: $6.3 B

Source of wealth: e-commerce

187. John Malone

Net Worth: $6.3 B

Source of wealth: cable television

188. Silvio Berlusconi

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: media

189. Garrett Camp

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: Uber Technologies

190. Curt Engelhorn

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

191. Travis Kalanick

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: Uber Technologies

192. Walter Kwok

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: real estate

193. Eduardo Saverin

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: Facebook

194. Shihui Xu

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: snacks, beverages

195. Qinghou Zong

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: beverages

196. Giorgio Armani

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: Armani

197. Kumar Birla

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: commodities

198. Eva Gonda de Rivera

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: beverages

199. Wolfgang Marguerre

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

200. Hansjoerg Wyss

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: medical devices

201. Jay Y. Lee

Net Worth: $6 B

Source of wealth: Samsung

202. Gordon Moore

Net Worth: $6 B

Source of wealth: Intel

203. Frederik Paulsen

Net Worth: $6 B

Source of wealth: health care

204. Eng-Meng Tsai

Net Worth: $6 B

Source of wealth: food, beverages

205. Patrick Drahi

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: Telecom

206. Philip & Cristina Green

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: retail

207. Mikhail Gutseriev

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: oil, real estate

208. Shahid Khan

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: auto parts

209. Richard LeFrak

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate

210. Tom & Judy Love

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: retail & gas stations

211. Sutong Pan

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate, finance

212. Zhidong Zhang

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: internet media

213. Qunfei Zhou

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: smartphone glass covers

214. Michael Kadoorie

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: hotels, energy

215. Jorn Rausing

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: packaging

216. John A. Sobrato

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: real estate

217. Dennis Washington

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: construction, mining

218. Christoffel Wiese

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: retailing

219. Francis Choi

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: real estate

220. Sergei Galitsky

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: retail

221. Antonia Johnson

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: diversified

222. Pauline MacMillan Keinath

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: Cargill

223. Guanqiu Lu

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: conglomerate

224. Sunil Mittal

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: telecom

225. Denis O’Brien

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: telecom

226. Augusto & Giorgio Perfetti

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: candy

227. Melker Schorling

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: investments

228. Heinrich Deichmann

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: Footwear

229. Terry Gou

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: electronics

230. David Green

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: retail

231. Hiroshi Mikitani

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: online retailing

232. Stef Wertheimer

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: metalworking tools

233. Maria Asuncion Aramburuzabala

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: beer, investments

234. Desh Bandhu Gupta

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

235. Ralph Lauren

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: Ralph Lauren

236. Ted Lerner

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

237. James Ratcliffe

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: chemicals

238. Finn Rausing

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: packaging

239. Kirsten Rausing

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: packaging

240. Bruce Halle

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: tires

241. James Irving

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: diversified

242. Jason Jiang

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: advertising

243. Richard Kinder

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

244. Juan Roig

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: supermarkets

245. Charles Schwab

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: discount brokerage

246. Aloys Wobben

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: wind turbines

247. Chuanhua Xu

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: chemicals

248. Vincent Bollore

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: investments

249. Guenther Fielmann

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: optometry

250. Ray Lee Hunt

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: oil, real estate

251. Bruce Kovner

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

252. Kar Po Law

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: real estate

253. Joe Lewis

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: investments

254. Leng Chan Quek

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: banking, real estate

255. Johann Rupert

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: luxury goods

256. Andrei Skoch

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: steel

257. Jack Taylor

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: Enterprise Rent-A-Car

258. Laiwa Chan

Net Worth: $5.2 B

Source of wealth: real estate

259. Anders Holch Povlsen

Net Worth: $5.2 B

Source of wealth: retail

260. Trevor Rees-Jones

Net Worth: $5.2 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas

261. Christy Walton

Net Worth: $5.2 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

262. Vivien Chen

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: real estate

263. Harold Hamm

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas

264. Diane Hendricks

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: roofing

265. Yongxing Liu

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: agribusiness

266. Ian & Richard Livingstone

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: real estate

267. Frank Lowy

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: shopping malls

268. Ludwig Merckle

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

269. Dan Olsson

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: diversified

270. Majid Al Futtaim

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: real estate, retail

271. Charles Dolan

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: cable television

272. Israel Englander

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

273. Cheng Liang Goh

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: paints

274. John Gokongwei

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: diversified

275. Guangchang Guo

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: conglomerate

276. Tamara Gustavson

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: self storage

277. Jerry Jones

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: Dallas Cowboys

278. Karl-Heinz Kipp

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: retail

279. Kwee

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: Pontiac Land Group

280. Willi & Isolde Liebherr

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: construction

281. Yu-lin Lin

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

282. Arnon Milchan

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: movie making

283. Shashi & Ravi Ruia

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: diversified

284. David Shaw

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

285. Huiyan Yang

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

286. Abdulla bin Ahmad Al Ghurair

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: diversified

287. David & Frederick Barclay

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: media, retail

288. Richard Branson

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: Virgin

289. Jim Davis

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: New Balance

290. Albert Frere

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: investments

291. Daniel Gilbert

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: Quicken Loans

292. Akira Mori

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate

293. Robert Rowling

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: investments

294. Alejandro Santo Domingo

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: beer

295. Andres Santo Domingo

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: beer

296. Bernard (Barry) Sherman

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

297. Chairul Tanjung

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: diversified

298. Carl Cook

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: medical devices

299. Michael & Marian Ilitch

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: pizza

300. Bidzina Ivanishvili

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: investments

301. Robert Kraft

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: New England Patriots

302. Zhiqiang Lu

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: conglomerate

303. Michael Stoschek

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: autoparts

304. Sam Zell

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: real estate, private equity

305. Daniel Ziff

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: investments

306. Dirk Ziff

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: investments

307. Robert Ziff

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: investments

308. Richard DeVos

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: Amway

309. Gustaf Douglas

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: security

310. Arthur Irving

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: oil

311. Yueting Jia

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: online video

312. Paul Tudor Jones

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

313. Whitney MacMillan

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: Cargill

314. Guangxin Sun

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: diversified

315. Hong Piow Teh

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: banking

316. Hans Peter Wild

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: flavorings

317. Pyotr Aven

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: oil, banking, telecom

318. Laurence Graff

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: diamond jewelry

319. Charles Johnson

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: money management

320. Shin Cheng Lee

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: palm oil, real estate

321. Richard Li

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: telecom

322. Bruno Schroder

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: banking

323. Mark Shoen

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: U-Haul

324. Dona Bertarelli

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: biotech

325. Leon Black

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: private equity

326. Carlos and Alejandro Bulgheroni

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: oil and gas

327. Clive Calder

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: record label

328. Ann Walton Kroenke

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

329. George Lucas

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: Star Wars

330. Theo Mueller

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: dairy

331. Jim Pattison

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: diversified

332. Sergei Popov

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: banking

333. Sumner Redstone

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: Media

334. Maria-Elisabeth Schaeffler

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: ball bearings

335. David Sun

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: computer hardware

336. Donald Trump

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: television, real estate

337. John Tu

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: computer hardware

338. Brian Acton

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: WhatsApp

339. Jeronimo Arango

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: retail

340. Pierre Bellon

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: food services

341. Stanley Druckenmiller

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

342. David Duffield

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: business software

343. Micky Jagtiani

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: retail

344. Wolfgang Reimann

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: consumer goods

345. Matthias Reimann-Andersen

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: consumer goods

346. Stefan Reimann-Andersen

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: consumer goods

347. Renate Reimann-Haas

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: consumer goods

348. Emanuele (Lino) Saputo

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: cheese

349. Jinquan Tong

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

350. Chuanfu Wang

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: batteries, autos

351. Bernard Broermann

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: hospitals

352. Mong-Koo Chung

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: motor vehicles

353. Joao Roberto Marinho

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: media

354. Jose Roberto Marinho

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: media

355. Roberto Irineu Marinho

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: media

356. Ricardo Salinas Pliego

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: retail, media

357. Jianjun Wei

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: automobiles

358. Ralph Dommermuth

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: internet service provider

359. Jeffery Hildebrand

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: oil

360. Henry Kravis

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: private equity

361. Sri Prakash Lohia

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: polyester

362. Carrie Perrodo

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: oil

363. Odd Reitan

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: retail, real estate

364. Stewart and Lynda Resnick

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: agriculture, water

365. Joseph Tsai

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: e-commerce

366. Wei Wang

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: package delivery service

367. Cho Yaw Wee

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: banking

368. M.A. Yusuff Ali

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: retail

369. Americo Amorim

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: energy, investments

370. Dannine Avara

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

371. John Doerr

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: venture capital

372. Scott Duncan

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

373. Milane Frantz

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

374. Hongjia Gong

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: investments

375. Yonghao Liu

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: agribusiness

376. George Roberts

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: private equity

377. Mark Scheinberg

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: online gambling

378. Reinhold Schmieding

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: medical devices

379. Randa Williams

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

380. Jin Sook & Do Won Chang

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: fashion retail

381. James Dyson

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: vacuums

382. Chang-Woo Han

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: pachinko parlors

383. Bertil Hult

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: education

384. James Jannard

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: sunglasses

385. Vikram Lal

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: motorcycles

386. Nancy Walton Laurie

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

387. Iskander Makhmudov

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: mining, metals, machinery

388. Terrence Pegula

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: natural gas

389. Jerry Speyer

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

390. Leonard Stern

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

391. Lucio Tan

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: diversified

392. Shari Arison

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: Carnival Cruises

393. Leonid Fedun

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: oil

394. Frits Goldschmeding

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: temp agency

395. Martha Ingram

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: book distribution, transportation

396. Rupert Johnson

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: money management

397. Edwin Leong

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate

398. Mary Alice Dorrance Malone

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: Campbell Soup

399. John Sall

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: software

400. Jeffrey Skoll

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: eBay

401. Sheldon Solow

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate

402. Jianping Zhou

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: apparel

403. Heinz-Georg Baus

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: home improvement stores

404. Denise Coates

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: online gambling

405. Traudl Engelhorn

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals/medical equipment

406. Ursula Engelhorn

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals/medical equipment

407. Michael Herz

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: coffee

408. Wolfgang Herz

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: coffee

409. Randal Kirk

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

410. Niels Peter Louis-Hansen

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: medical devices

411. Fredrik Lundberg

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: real estate, investments

412. John Morris

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: sporting goods retail

413. H. Ross Perot

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: computer services, real estate

414. Michael Pieper

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: kitchen appliances

415. Karen Pritzker

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: hotels, investments

416. Viktor Rashnikov

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: steel

417. Leandro Rizzuto

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: consumer products

418. Edward Roski

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: real estate

419. Walter Scott

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: utilities, telecom

420. Jindong Zhang

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: appliance retailer

421. Rahel Blocher

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: chemicals

422. Vanich Chaiyawan

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: insurance, beverages

423. Juan Carlos Escotet

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: banking

424. Phillip Frost

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

425. Wing Mau Hui

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: real estate

426. Jeremy Jacobs

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: sports concessions

427. Nathan Kirsh

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: retail, real estate

428. Hyuk-Bin Kwon

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: online games

429. Magdalena Martullo-Blocher

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: chemicals

430. Axel Oberwelland

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: candy

431. Idan Ofer

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: drilling, shipping

432. Horst Paulmann

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: retail

433. Nassef Sawiris

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: construction, chemicals

434. George Ty

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: banking

435. Alexander Abramov

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: steel, mining

436. Martin & Olivier Bouygues

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: construction, media

437. Subhash Chandra

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: media

438. Archie Aldis Emmerson

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: timberland, lumber mills

439. Andrei Guriev

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: fertilizers

440. Elizabeth Holmes

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: blood testing

441. Masatoshi Ito

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: retail

442. Dominika & Sebastian Kulczyk

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: diversified

443. Siegfried Meister

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: appliances

444. Gwendolyn Sontheim Meyer

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: Cargill

445. Anthony Pratt

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: manufacturing

446. Steven Rales

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: manufacturing

447. Ira Rennert

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: investments

448. Julian Robertson

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

449. Harry Stine

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: agriculture

450. Ronda Stryker

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: medical equipment

451. Lottie Tham

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: H&M

452. Frank Wang

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: drones

453. Gautam Adani

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: commodities, infrastructure

454. Michael Ashley

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: sports retailing

455. Benu Gopal Bangur

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: cement

456. Peter Buck

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Subway sandwich shops

457. Rick Caruso

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

458. Dan Friedkin

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Toyota dealerships

459. Antti Herlin

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: elevators, escalators

460. Kieu Hoang

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

461. Savitri Jindal

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: steel

462. Ronald Lauder

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Estee Lauder

463. Wengen Liang

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: construction equipment

464. Masahiro Miki

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: retail

465. Igor Olenicoff

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

466. James Packer

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: casinos

467. Zhengmin Pan

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: electronics

468. Pankaj Patel

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

469. Isaac Perlmutter

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Marvel comics

470. Robert Rich

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: frozen foods

471. Haim Saban

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: TV network, investments

472. Steven Spielberg

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Movies

473. Keiichiro Takahara

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: diapers

474. Steven Udvar-Hazy

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: aircraft leasing

475. Wenxue Wang

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

476. Shiping Zhang

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: aluminum products

477. Prince Sultan bin Mohammed bin Saud Al Kabeer

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: dairy farms

478. Isak Andic

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: clothing retail

479. Neil Bluhm

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

480. John Catsimatidis

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: oil, real estate

481. Giuseppe De’Longhi

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: coffee makers

482. Abilio dos Santos Diniz

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: retail

483. Pansy Ho

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: casinos

484. Michel Leclercq

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: sporting goods

485. Elisabeth Mohn

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: media

486. Kang Pang

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: soy sauce maker

487. Guanghe Qiu

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: apparel retail

488. Mitchell Rales

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: manufacturing, investments

489. Paolo & Gianfelice Mario Rocca

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: pipe manufacturing

490. Lynn Schusterman

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas, investments

491. Friede Springer

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: publishing

492. Piaoyang Sun

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

493. Jeff Sutton

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

494. Russ Weiner

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: energy drinks

495. Marc Benioff

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: business software

496. Nathan Blecharczyk

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Airbnb

497. Bubba Cathy

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Chick-Fil-A

498. Dan Cathy

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Chick-Fil-A

499. David Cheriton

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Google

500. Brian Chesky

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Airbnb

src: http://www.forbes.com/sites/kerenblankfeld/2016/03/01/forbes-billionaires-full-list-of-the-500-richest-people-in-the-world-2016/

\#money #alternative #reform #systems #vollgeld #bge #altcoopsys #alternatives #alternativgeld #OsOfSociety #OperatingSystemsOfSociety #SystemPhilosophy #dinero #dollar #euro #yen #rubel #sustainability #resilience #complementary #complementarycurrency #cooperation #monetaryreform #financialreform #financialsystemreform #financialcrisis #mortagecrisis #debtcrisis #suprimecrisis #occupywallsreet #occupyfrankfurt #finance #geldsystem #geldreform #moneysystem #financialsystem #economics #ecologicaleconomics #rich #poor #inequality #tax #taxjustice
Originally posted at: http://altcoopsys.org/2017/02/20/forbes-billionaires-full-list-of-the-500-richest-people-in-the-world-2016/
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Forbes Billionaires - Full List Of The 500 Richest People In The World 2016

1. Bill Gates Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $75 B

Source of wealth: Microsoft

2. rtega" target="_blank">Amancio Ortega

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $67 B

Source of wealth: Zara

3. Warren Buffett

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $60.8 B

Source of wealth: Berkshire Hathaway

4. Carlos Slim Helu

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $50 B

Source of wealth: telecom

5. Jeff Bezos

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $45.2 B

Source of wealth: Amazon.com

6. Mark Zuckerberg

Obrázek/fotografie

Net Worth: $44.6 B

Source of wealth: Facebook

7. Larry Ellison

Net Worth: $43.6 B

Source of wealth: Oracle

8. Michael Bloomberg

Net Worth: $40 B

Source of wealth: Bloomberg LP

9. Charles Koch

Net Worth: $39.6 B

Source of wealth: diversified

10. David Koch

Net Worth: $39.6 B

Source of wealth: diversified

11. Liliane Bettencourt

Net Worth: $36.1 B

Source of wealth: L’Oreal

12. Larry Page

Net Worth: $35.2 B

Source of wealth: Google

13. Sergey Brin

Net Worth: $34.4 B

Source of wealth: Google

14. Bernard Arnault

Net Worth: $34 B

Source of wealth: LVMH

15. Jim Walton

Net Worth: $33.6 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

16. Alice Walton

Net Worth: $32.3 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

17. S. Robson Walton

Net Worth: $31.9 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

18. Jianlin Wang

Net Worth: $28.7 B

Source of wealth: real estate

19. Jorge Paulo Lemann

Net Worth: $27.8 B

Source of wealth: beer

20. Ka-shing Li

Net Worth: $27.1 B

Source of wealth: diversified

21. Beate Heister & Karl Albrecht Jr.

Net Worth: $25.9 B

Source of wealth: supermarkets

22. Sheldon Adelson

Net Worth: $25.2 B

Source of wealth: casinos

23. George Soros

Net Worth: $24.9 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

24. Phil Knight

Net Worth: $24.4 B

Source of wealth: Nike

25. David Thomson

Net Worth: $23.8 B

Source of wealth: media

26. Steve Ballmer

Net Worth: $23.5 B

Source of wealth: Microsoft

27. Forrest Mars

Net Worth: $23.4 B

Source of wealth: candy

28. Jacqueline Mars

Net Worth: $23.4 B

Source of wealth: candy

29. John Mars

Net Worth: $23.4 B

Source of wealth: candy

30. Maria Franca Fissolo

Net Worth: $22.1 B

Source of wealth: Nutella, Chocolates

31. Shau Kee Lee

Net Worth: $21.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

32. Stefan Persson

Net Worth: $20.8 B

Source of wealth: H&M

33. Jack Ma

Net Worth: $20.5 B

Source of wealth: Alibaba

34. Theo Albrecht

Net Worth: $20.3 B

Source of wealth: Aldi, Trader Joe’s

35. Michael Dell

Net Worth: $19.8 B

Source of wealth: Dell

36. Mukesh Ambani

Net Worth: $19.3 B

Source of wealth: petrochemicals, oil & gas

37. Leonardo Del Vecchio

Net Worth: $18.7 B

Source of wealth: eyeglasses

38. Susanne Klatten

Net Worth: $18.5 B

Source of wealth: BMW, pharmaceuticals

39. Georg Schaeffler

Net Worth: $18.1 B

Source of wealth: ball bearings

40. Paul Allen

Net Worth: $17.5 B

Source of wealth: Microsoft, investments

41. Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Alsaud

Net Worth: $17.3 B

Source of wealth: investments

42. Joseph Safra

Net Worth: $17.2 B

Source of wealth: banking

43. Carl Icahn

Net Worth: $17 B

Source of wealth: investments

44. Laurene Powell Jobs

Net Worth: $16.7 B

Source of wealth: Apple, Disney

45. Dilip Shanghvi

Net Worth: $16.7 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

46. Huateng Ma

Net Worth: $16.6 B

Source of wealth: internet portal

47. Dieter Schwarz

Net Worth: $16.4 B

Source of wealth: retail

48. Ray Dalio

Net Worth: $15.6 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

49. Stefan Quandt

Net Worth: $15.6 B

Source of wealth: BMW

50. James Simons

Net Worth: $15.5 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

51. Aliko Dangote

Net Worth: $15.4 B

Source of wealth: cement, sugar, flour

52. Michael Otto

Net Worth: $15.4 B

Source of wealth: retail, real estate

53. Len Blavatnik

Net Worth: $15.3 B

Source of wealth: diversified

54. Donald Bren

Net Worth: $15.1 B

Source of wealth: real estate

55. Azim Premji

Net Worth: $15 B

Source of wealth: software services

56. Serge Dassault

Net Worth: $14.7 B

Source of wealth: aviation

57. Tadashi Yanai

Net Worth: $14.6 B

Source of wealth: retail

58. Yu-tung Cheng

Net Worth: $14.5 B

Source of wealth: diversified

59. Hinduja

Net Worth: $14.5 B

Source of wealth: Hinduja Group

60. Leonid Mikhelson

Net Worth: $14.4 B

Source of wealth: gas, chemicals

61. David & Simon Reuben

Net Worth: $14.4 B

Source of wealth: investments, real estate

62. Stefano Pessina

Net Worth: $13.4 B

Source of wealth: drugstores

63. Mikhail Fridman

Net Worth: $13.3 B

Source of wealth: oil, banking, telecom

64. Dietrich Mateschitz

Net Worth: $13.2 B

Source of wealth: Red Bull

65. Abigail Johnson

Net Worth: $13.1 B

Source of wealth: money management

66. Kjeld Kirk Kristiansen

Net Worth: $13.1 B

Source of wealth: Lego

67. Joseph Lau

Net Worth: $13.1 B

Source of wealth: real estate

68. Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor

Net Worth: $13 B

Source of wealth: real estate

69. Thomas & Raymond Kwok

Net Worth: $13 B

Source of wealth: real estate

70. Marcel Herrmann Telles

Net Worth: $13 B

Source of wealth: beer

71. Henry Sy

Net Worth: $12.9 B

Source of wealth: SM Investments Corporation

72. Steve Cohen

Net Worth: $12.7 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

73. Pallonji Mistry

Net Worth: $12.5 B

Source of wealth: construction

74. Hans Rausing

Net Worth: $12.5 B

Source of wealth: packaging

75. Alisher Usmanov

Net Worth: $12.5 B

Source of wealth: steel, telecom, investments

76. Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken

Net Worth: $12.3 B

Source of wealth: Heineken

77. Charles Ergen

Net Worth: $12.2 B

Source of wealth: satellite TV

78. Ronald Perelman

Net Worth: $12.1 B

Source of wealth: leveraged buyouts

79. Vladimir Potanin

Net Worth: $12.1 B

Source of wealth: metals

80. Stephen Ross

Net Worth: $12 B

Source of wealth: real estate

81. Patrick Soon-Shiong

Net Worth: $11.9 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

82. Masayoshi Son

Net Worth: $11.7 B

Source of wealth: internet, telecom

83. Heinz Hermann Thiele

Net Worth: $11.7 B

Source of wealth: brakes

84. Francois Pinault

Net Worth: $11.5 B

Source of wealth: retail

85. David Tepper

Net Worth: $11.4 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

86. Gennady Timchenko

Net Worth: $11.4 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas

87. Carlos Alberto Sicupira

Net Worth: $11.3 B

Source of wealth: beer

88. Shiv Nadar

Net Worth: $11.1 B

Source of wealth: software services

89. Thomas Peterffy

Net Worth: $11.1 B

Source of wealth: discount brokerage

90. Robin Li

Net Worth: $11 B

Source of wealth: internet search

91. Alain Wertheimer

Net Worth: $11 B

Source of wealth: Chanel

92. Gerard Wertheimer

Net Worth: $11 B

Source of wealth: Chanel

93. Alexey Mordashov

Net Worth: $10.9 B

Source of wealth: steel, investments

94. Elon Musk

Net Worth: $10.7 B

Source of wealth: Tesla Motors

95. Charoen Sirivadhanabhakdi

Net Worth: $10.7 B

Source of wealth: beverages

96. Petr Kellner

Net Worth: $10.6 B

Source of wealth: banking, insurance

97. Rupert Murdoch

Net Worth: $10.6 B

Source of wealth: media

98. Viktor Vekselberg

Net Worth: $10.5 B

Source of wealth: metals, energy

99. Lukas Walton

Net Worth: $10.4 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

100. Eric Schmidt

Net Worth: $10.2 B

Source of wealth: Google

101. Iris Fontbona

Net Worth: $10.1 B

Source of wealth: mining

102. Massimiliana Landini Aleotti

Net Worth: $10.1 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

103. Mike Adenuga

Net Worth: $10 B

Source of wealth: telcom, oil

104. Klaus-Michael Kuehne

Net Worth: $10 B

Source of wealth: shipping

105. Robert Kuok

Net Worth: $10 B

Source of wealth: palm oil/shipping/real estate

106. Samuel Newhouse

Net Worth: $10 B

Source of wealth: media

107. Jun Lei

Net Worth: $9.8 B

Source of wealth: smartphones

108. Philip Anschutz

Net Worth: $9.7 B

Source of wealth: investments

109. Jim Kennedy

Net Worth: $9.7 B

Source of wealth: media

110. Blair Parry-Okeden

Net Worth: $9.7 B

Source of wealth: media

111. John Paulson

Net Worth: $9.7 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

112. Kun-Hee Lee

Net Worth: $9.6 B

Source of wealth: Samsung

113. Hasso Plattner

Net Worth: $9.5 B

Source of wealth: software

114. Stephen Schwarzman

Net Worth: $9.5 B

Source of wealth: investments

115. Andrew Beal

Net Worth: $9.4 B

Source of wealth: banks, real estate

116. Vladimir Lisin

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: steel, transport

117. John Menard

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: retail

118. Donald Newhouse

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: media

119. Udo & Harald Tschira

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: Software

120. Galen Weston

Net Worth: $9.3 B

Source of wealth: retail

121. German Larrea Mota Velasco

Net Worth: $9.2 B

Source of wealth: mining

122. Xiangjian He

Net Worth: $9 B

Source of wealth: home appliances

123. Leonard Lauder

Net Worth: $9 B

Source of wealth: Estee Lauder

124. Vagit Alekperov

Net Worth: $8.9 B

Source of wealth: oil

125. Dustin Moskovitz

Net Worth: $8.9 B

Source of wealth: Facebook

126. Luis Carlos Sarmiento

Net Worth: $8.9 B

Source of wealth: banking

127. Gina Rinehart

Net Worth: $8.8 B

Source of wealth: mining

128. German Khan

Net Worth: $8.7 B

Source of wealth: oil, banking, telecom

129. Ernesto Bertarelli

Net Worth: $8.6 B

Source of wealth: biotech, investments

130. Ka Yan Hui

Net Worth: $8.6 B

Source of wealth: real estate

131. Jan Koum

Net Worth: $8.6 B

Source of wealth: WhatsApp

132. Xavier Niel

Net Worth: $8.6 B

Source of wealth: internet, telecom

133. John Fredriksen

Net Worth: $8.5 B

Source of wealth: shipping

134. Cyrus Poonawalla

Net Worth: $8.5 B

Source of wealth: vaccines

135. Gianluigi & Rafaela Aponte

Net Worth: $8.4 B

Source of wealth: shipping

136. Lakshmi Mittal

Net Worth: $8.4 B

Source of wealth: steel

137. Eyal Ofer

Net Worth: $8.4 B

Source of wealth: real estate, shipping

138. Mohammed Al Amoudi

Net Worth: $8.3 B

Source of wealth: oil, diversified

139. Hank & Doug Meijer

Net Worth: $8.2 B

Source of wealth: supermarkets

140. Andrey Melnichenko

Net Worth: $8.2 B

Source of wealth: coal, fertilizers

141. William Ding

Net Worth: $8.1 B

Source of wealth: online games

142. R. Budi Hartono

Net Worth: $8.1 B

Source of wealth: banking, tobacco

143. Reinhold Wuerth

Net Worth: $8.1 B

Source of wealth: fasteners

144. James Goodnight

Net Worth: $8 B

Source of wealth: software

145. Johann Graf

Net Worth: $8 B

Source of wealth: gambling

146. Michael Hartono

Net Worth: $7.9 B

Source of wealth: tobacco, banking

147. Dietmar Hopp

Net Worth: $7.9 B

Source of wealth: software

148. Stanley Kroenke

Net Worth: $7.7 B

Source of wealth: sports, real estate

149. Dmitry Rybolovlev

Net Worth: $7.7 B

Source of wealth: fertilizer

150. Kyung-Bae Suh

Net Worth: $7.7 B

Source of wealth: cosmetics

151. Roman Abramovich

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: steel, investments

152. Emmanuel Besnier

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: cheese

153. Che Woo Lui

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: casinos

154. Robert & Philip Ng

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: real estate

155. Mikhail Prokhorov

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: investments

156. August von Finck

Net Worth: $7.6 B

Source of wealth: investments

157. Ken Griffin

Net Worth: $7.5 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

158. Ananda Krishnan

Net Worth: $7.4 B

Source of wealth: telecom

159. Eli Broad

Net Worth: $7.3 B

Source of wealth: investments

160. Thomas Frist

Net Worth: $7.3 B

Source of wealth: health care

161. Herbert Kohler

Net Worth: $7.3 B

Source of wealth: plumbing fixtures

162. Harry Triguboff

Net Worth: $7.3 B

Source of wealth: property

163. Edward Johnson

Net Worth: $7.2 B

Source of wealth: money management

164. Pierre Omidyar

Net Worth: $7.2 B

Source of wealth: eBay

165. Takemitsu Takizaki

Net Worth: $7.2 B

Source of wealth: sensors

166. Wenyin Wang

Net Worth: $7.2 B

Source of wealth: mining, copper products

167. Micky Arison

Net Worth: $7.1 B

Source of wealth: Carnival Cruises

168. George Kaiser

Net Worth: $7.1 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas, banking

169. Les Wexner

Net Worth: $7.1 B

Source of wealth: retail

170. Alberto Bailleres Gonzalez

Net Worth: $6.9 B

Source of wealth: mining

171. Dhanin Chearavanont

Net Worth: $6.8 B

Source of wealth: food

172. Margarita Louis-Dreyfus

Net Worth: $6.8 B

Source of wealth: commodities

173. Alexei Kuzmichev

Net Worth: $6.7 B

Source of wealth: oil, banking, telecom

174. Nicky Oppenheimer

Net Worth: $6.6 B

Source of wealth: diamonds

175. Peter Woo

Net Worth: $6.6 B

Source of wealth: real estate

176. Jean-Claude Decaux

Net Worth: $6.5 B

Source of wealth: advertising

177. David Geffen

Net Worth: $6.5 B

Source of wealth: entertainment

178. James Chambers

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Media

179. Walter Droege

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Consulting

180. Graeme Hart

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: investments

181. Sandra Ortega Mera

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Zara

182. Katharine Rayner

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Media

183. Margaretta Taylor

Net Worth: $6.4 B

Source of wealth: Media

184. John Grayken

Net Worth: $6.3 B

Source of wealth: private equity

185. Uday Kotak

Net Worth: $6.3 B

Source of wealth: banking

186. Qiangdong Liu

Net Worth: $6.3 B

Source of wealth: e-commerce

187. John Malone

Net Worth: $6.3 B

Source of wealth: cable television

188. Silvio Berlusconi

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: media

189. Garrett Camp

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: Uber Technologies

190. Curt Engelhorn

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

191. Travis Kalanick

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: Uber Technologies

192. Walter Kwok

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: real estate

193. Eduardo Saverin

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: Facebook

194. Shihui Xu

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: snacks, beverages

195. Qinghou Zong

Net Worth: $6.2 B

Source of wealth: beverages

196. Giorgio Armani

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: Armani

197. Kumar Birla

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: commodities

198. Eva Gonda de Rivera

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: beverages

199. Wolfgang Marguerre

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

200. Hansjoerg Wyss

Net Worth: $6.1 B

Source of wealth: medical devices

201. Jay Y. Lee

Net Worth: $6 B

Source of wealth: Samsung

202. Gordon Moore

Net Worth: $6 B

Source of wealth: Intel

203. Frederik Paulsen

Net Worth: $6 B

Source of wealth: health care

204. Eng-Meng Tsai

Net Worth: $6 B

Source of wealth: food, beverages

205. Patrick Drahi

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: Telecom

206. Philip & Cristina Green

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: retail

207. Mikhail Gutseriev

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: oil, real estate

208. Shahid Khan

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: auto parts

209. Richard LeFrak

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate

210. Tom & Judy Love

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: retail & gas stations

211. Sutong Pan

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate, finance

212. Zhidong Zhang

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: internet media

213. Qunfei Zhou

Net Worth: $5.9 B

Source of wealth: smartphone glass covers

214. Michael Kadoorie

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: hotels, energy

215. Jorn Rausing

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: packaging

216. John A. Sobrato

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: real estate

217. Dennis Washington

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: construction, mining

218. Christoffel Wiese

Net Worth: $5.8 B

Source of wealth: retailing

219. Francis Choi

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: real estate

220. Sergei Galitsky

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: retail

221. Antonia Johnson

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: diversified

222. Pauline MacMillan Keinath

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: Cargill

223. Guanqiu Lu

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: conglomerate

224. Sunil Mittal

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: telecom

225. Denis O’Brien

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: telecom

226. Augusto & Giorgio Perfetti

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: candy

227. Melker Schorling

Net Worth: $5.7 B

Source of wealth: investments

228. Heinrich Deichmann

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: Footwear

229. Terry Gou

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: electronics

230. David Green

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: retail

231. Hiroshi Mikitani

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: online retailing

232. Stef Wertheimer

Net Worth: $5.6 B

Source of wealth: metalworking tools

233. Maria Asuncion Aramburuzabala

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: beer, investments

234. Desh Bandhu Gupta

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

235. Ralph Lauren

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: Ralph Lauren

236. Ted Lerner

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

237. James Ratcliffe

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: chemicals

238. Finn Rausing

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: packaging

239. Kirsten Rausing

Net Worth: $5.5 B

Source of wealth: packaging

240. Bruce Halle

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: tires

241. James Irving

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: diversified

242. Jason Jiang

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: advertising

243. Richard Kinder

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

244. Juan Roig

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: supermarkets

245. Charles Schwab

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: discount brokerage

246. Aloys Wobben

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: wind turbines

247. Chuanhua Xu

Net Worth: $5.4 B

Source of wealth: chemicals

248. Vincent Bollore

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: investments

249. Guenther Fielmann

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: optometry

250. Ray Lee Hunt

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: oil, real estate

251. Bruce Kovner

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

252. Kar Po Law

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: real estate

253. Joe Lewis

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: investments

254. Leng Chan Quek

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: banking, real estate

255. Johann Rupert

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: luxury goods

256. Andrei Skoch

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: steel

257. Jack Taylor

Net Worth: $5.3 B

Source of wealth: Enterprise Rent-A-Car

258. Laiwa Chan

Net Worth: $5.2 B

Source of wealth: real estate

259. Anders Holch Povlsen

Net Worth: $5.2 B

Source of wealth: retail

260. Trevor Rees-Jones

Net Worth: $5.2 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas

261. Christy Walton

Net Worth: $5.2 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

262. Vivien Chen

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: real estate

263. Harold Hamm

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas

264. Diane Hendricks

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: roofing

265. Yongxing Liu

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: agribusiness

266. Ian & Richard Livingstone

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: real estate

267. Frank Lowy

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: shopping malls

268. Ludwig Merckle

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

269. Dan Olsson

Net Worth: $5.1 B

Source of wealth: diversified

270. Majid Al Futtaim

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: real estate, retail

271. Charles Dolan

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: cable television

272. Israel Englander

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

273. Cheng Liang Goh

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: paints

274. John Gokongwei

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: diversified

275. Guangchang Guo

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: conglomerate

276. Tamara Gustavson

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: self storage

277. Jerry Jones

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: Dallas Cowboys

278. Karl-Heinz Kipp

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: retail

279. Kwee

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: Pontiac Land Group

280. Willi & Isolde Liebherr

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: construction

281. Yu-lin Lin

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

282. Arnon Milchan

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: movie making

283. Shashi & Ravi Ruia

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: diversified

284. David Shaw

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

285. Huiyan Yang

Net Worth: $5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

286. Abdulla bin Ahmad Al Ghurair

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: diversified

287. David & Frederick Barclay

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: media, retail

288. Richard Branson

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: Virgin

289. Jim Davis

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: New Balance

290. Albert Frere

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: investments

291. Daniel Gilbert

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: Quicken Loans

292. Akira Mori

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate

293. Robert Rowling

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: investments

294. Alejandro Santo Domingo

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: beer

295. Andres Santo Domingo

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: beer

296. Bernard (Barry) Sherman

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

297. Chairul Tanjung

Net Worth: $4.9 B

Source of wealth: diversified

298. Carl Cook

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: medical devices

299. Michael & Marian Ilitch

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: pizza

300. Bidzina Ivanishvili

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: investments

301. Robert Kraft

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: New England Patriots

302. Zhiqiang Lu

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: conglomerate

303. Michael Stoschek

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: autoparts

304. Sam Zell

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: real estate, private equity

305. Daniel Ziff

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: investments

306. Dirk Ziff

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: investments

307. Robert Ziff

Net Worth: $4.8 B

Source of wealth: investments

308. Richard DeVos

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: Amway

309. Gustaf Douglas

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: security

310. Arthur Irving

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: oil

311. Yueting Jia

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: online video

312. Paul Tudor Jones

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

313. Whitney MacMillan

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: Cargill

314. Guangxin Sun

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: diversified

315. Hong Piow Teh

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: banking

316. Hans Peter Wild

Net Worth: $4.7 B

Source of wealth: flavorings

317. Pyotr Aven

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: oil, banking, telecom

318. Laurence Graff

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: diamond jewelry

319. Charles Johnson

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: money management

320. Shin Cheng Lee

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: palm oil, real estate

321. Richard Li

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: telecom

322. Bruno Schroder

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: banking

323. Mark Shoen

Net Worth: $4.6 B

Source of wealth: U-Haul

324. Dona Bertarelli

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: biotech

325. Leon Black

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: private equity

326. Carlos and Alejandro Bulgheroni

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: oil and gas

327. Clive Calder

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: record label

328. Ann Walton Kroenke

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

329. George Lucas

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: Star Wars

330. Theo Mueller

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: dairy

331. Jim Pattison

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: diversified

332. Sergei Popov

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: banking

333. Sumner Redstone

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: Media

334. Maria-Elisabeth Schaeffler

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: ball bearings

335. David Sun

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: computer hardware

336. Donald Trump

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: television, real estate

337. John Tu

Net Worth: $4.5 B

Source of wealth: computer hardware

338. Brian Acton

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: WhatsApp

339. Jeronimo Arango

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: retail

340. Pierre Bellon

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: food services

341. Stanley Druckenmiller

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

342. David Duffield

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: business software

343. Micky Jagtiani

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: retail

344. Wolfgang Reimann

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: consumer goods

345. Matthias Reimann-Andersen

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: consumer goods

346. Stefan Reimann-Andersen

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: consumer goods

347. Renate Reimann-Haas

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: consumer goods

348. Emanuele (Lino) Saputo

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: cheese

349. Jinquan Tong

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

350. Chuanfu Wang

Net Worth: $4.4 B

Source of wealth: batteries, autos

351. Bernard Broermann

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: hospitals

352. Mong-Koo Chung

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: motor vehicles

353. Joao Roberto Marinho

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: media

354. Jose Roberto Marinho

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: media

355. Roberto Irineu Marinho

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: media

356. Ricardo Salinas Pliego

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: retail, media

357. Jianjun Wei

Net Worth: $4.3 B

Source of wealth: automobiles

358. Ralph Dommermuth

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: internet service provider

359. Jeffery Hildebrand

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: oil

360. Henry Kravis

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: private equity

361. Sri Prakash Lohia

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: polyester

362. Carrie Perrodo

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: oil

363. Odd Reitan

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: retail, real estate

364. Stewart and Lynda Resnick

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: agriculture, water

365. Joseph Tsai

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: e-commerce

366. Wei Wang

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: package delivery service

367. Cho Yaw Wee

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: banking

368. M.A. Yusuff Ali

Net Worth: $4.2 B

Source of wealth: retail

369. Americo Amorim

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: energy, investments

370. Dannine Avara

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

371. John Doerr

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: venture capital

372. Scott Duncan

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

373. Milane Frantz

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

374. Hongjia Gong

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: investments

375. Yonghao Liu

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: agribusiness

376. George Roberts

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: private equity

377. Mark Scheinberg

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: online gambling

378. Reinhold Schmieding

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: medical devices

379. Randa Williams

Net Worth: $4.1 B

Source of wealth: pipelines

380. Jin Sook & Do Won Chang

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: fashion retail

381. James Dyson

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: vacuums

382. Chang-Woo Han

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: pachinko parlors

383. Bertil Hult

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: education

384. James Jannard

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: sunglasses

385. Vikram Lal

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: motorcycles

386. Nancy Walton Laurie

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: Wal-Mart

387. Iskander Makhmudov

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: mining, metals, machinery

388. Terrence Pegula

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: natural gas

389. Jerry Speyer

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

390. Leonard Stern

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

391. Lucio Tan

Net Worth: $4 B

Source of wealth: diversified

392. Shari Arison

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: Carnival Cruises

393. Leonid Fedun

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: oil

394. Frits Goldschmeding

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: temp agency

395. Martha Ingram

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: book distribution, transportation

396. Rupert Johnson

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: money management

397. Edwin Leong

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate

398. Mary Alice Dorrance Malone

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: Campbell Soup

399. John Sall

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: software

400. Jeffrey Skoll

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: eBay

401. Sheldon Solow

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: real estate

402. Jianping Zhou

Net Worth: $3.9 B

Source of wealth: apparel

403. Heinz-Georg Baus

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: home improvement stores

404. Denise Coates

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: online gambling

405. Traudl Engelhorn

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals/medical equipment

406. Ursula Engelhorn

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals/medical equipment

407. Michael Herz

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: coffee

408. Wolfgang Herz

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: coffee

409. Randal Kirk

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

410. Niels Peter Louis-Hansen

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: medical devices

411. Fredrik Lundberg

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: real estate, investments

412. John Morris

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: sporting goods retail

413. H. Ross Perot

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: computer services, real estate

414. Michael Pieper

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: kitchen appliances

415. Karen Pritzker

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: hotels, investments

416. Viktor Rashnikov

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: steel

417. Leandro Rizzuto

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: consumer products

418. Edward Roski

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: real estate

419. Walter Scott

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: utilities, telecom

420. Jindong Zhang

Net Worth: $3.8 B

Source of wealth: appliance retailer

421. Rahel Blocher

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: chemicals

422. Vanich Chaiyawan

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: insurance, beverages

423. Juan Carlos Escotet

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: banking

424. Phillip Frost

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

425. Wing Mau Hui

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: real estate

426. Jeremy Jacobs

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: sports concessions

427. Nathan Kirsh

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: retail, real estate

428. Hyuk-Bin Kwon

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: online games

429. Magdalena Martullo-Blocher

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: chemicals

430. Axel Oberwelland

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: candy

431. Idan Ofer

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: drilling, shipping

432. Horst Paulmann

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: retail

433. Nassef Sawiris

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: construction, chemicals

434. George Ty

Net Worth: $3.7 B

Source of wealth: banking

435. Alexander Abramov

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: steel, mining

436. Martin & Olivier Bouygues

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: construction, media

437. Subhash Chandra

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: media

438. Archie Aldis Emmerson

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: timberland, lumber mills

439. Andrei Guriev

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: fertilizers

440. Elizabeth Holmes

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: blood testing

441. Masatoshi Ito

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: retail

442. Dominika & Sebastian Kulczyk

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: diversified

443. Siegfried Meister

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: appliances

444. Gwendolyn Sontheim Meyer

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: Cargill

445. Anthony Pratt

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: manufacturing

446. Steven Rales

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: manufacturing

447. Ira Rennert

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: investments

448. Julian Robertson

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: hedge funds

449. Harry Stine

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: agriculture

450. Ronda Stryker

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: medical equipment

451. Lottie Tham

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: H&M

452. Frank Wang

Net Worth: $3.6 B

Source of wealth: drones

453. Gautam Adani

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: commodities, infrastructure

454. Michael Ashley

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: sports retailing

455. Benu Gopal Bangur

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: cement

456. Peter Buck

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Subway sandwich shops

457. Rick Caruso

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

458. Dan Friedkin

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Toyota dealerships

459. Antti Herlin

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: elevators, escalators

460. Kieu Hoang

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

461. Savitri Jindal

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: steel

462. Ronald Lauder

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Estee Lauder

463. Wengen Liang

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: construction equipment

464. Masahiro Miki

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: retail

465. Igor Olenicoff

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

466. James Packer

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: casinos

467. Zhengmin Pan

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: electronics

468. Pankaj Patel

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

469. Isaac Perlmutter

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Marvel comics

470. Robert Rich

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: frozen foods

471. Haim Saban

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: TV network, investments

472. Steven Spielberg

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: Movies

473. Keiichiro Takahara

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: diapers

474. Steven Udvar-Hazy

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: aircraft leasing

475. Wenxue Wang

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: real estate

476. Shiping Zhang

Net Worth: $3.5 B

Source of wealth: aluminum products

477. Prince Sultan bin Mohammed bin Saud Al Kabeer

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: dairy farms

478. Isak Andic

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: clothing retail

479. Neil Bluhm

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

480. John Catsimatidis

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: oil, real estate

481. Giuseppe De’Longhi

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: coffee makers

482. Abilio dos Santos Diniz

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: retail

483. Pansy Ho

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: casinos

484. Michel Leclercq

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: sporting goods

485. Elisabeth Mohn

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: media

486. Kang Pang

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: soy sauce maker

487. Guanghe Qiu

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: apparel retail

488. Mitchell Rales

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: manufacturing, investments

489. Paolo & Gianfelice Mario Rocca

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: pipe manufacturing

490. Lynn Schusterman

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: oil & gas, investments

491. Friede Springer

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: publishing

492. Piaoyang Sun

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals

493. Jeff Sutton

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: real estate

494. Russ Weiner

Net Worth: $3.4 B

Source of wealth: energy drinks

495. Marc Benioff

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: business software

496. Nathan Blecharczyk

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Airbnb

497. Bubba Cathy

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Chick-Fil-A

498. Dan Cathy

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Chick-Fil-A

499. David Cheriton

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Google

500. Brian Chesky

Net Worth: $3.3 B

Source of wealth: Airbnb

src: http://www.forbes.com/sites/kerenblankfeld/2016/03/01/forbes-billionaires-full-list-of-the-500-richest-people-in-the-world-2016/

\#money #alternative #reform #systems #vollgeld #bge #altcoopsys #alternatives #alternativgeld #OsOfSociety #OperatingSystemsOfSociety #SystemPhilosophy #dinero #dollar #euro #yen #rubel #sustainability #resilience #complementary #complementarycurrency #cooperation #monetaryreform #financialreform #financialsystemreform #financialcrisis #mortagecrisis #debtcrisis #suprimecrisis #occupywallsreet #occupyfrankfurt #finance #geldsystem #geldreform #moneysystem #financialsystem #economics #ecologicaleconomics #rich #poor #inequality #tax #taxjustice
Originally posted at: http://altcoopsys.org/2017/02/20/forbes-billionaires-full-list-of-the-500-richest-people-in-the-world-2016/
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NEW AMERICANA - SURVIVAL OF THE RICHEST?

... rescued in the last second. ... i just hope everyone has the courage and that smoke-grenade ready, when it is needed. BUT: YOU CAN TRULY MAKE A DIFFERENCE - IF YOU CAN FIND THE SELF-CONFIDENCE AND COURAGE. "Land of the[...]

\#survival #richest #dollar #deatheconomy #culture #americana #oil #empire #resources #redistribution #wealth #rockefeller
Originally posted at: http://mein-krampf.org/2016/08/26/new-americana-survival-of-the-richest/
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A War Written in Stone



Obrázek/fotografie
Source: http://peakenergi.wordpress.com/2013/09/10/a-war-written-in-stone/
Swedish: https://peakenergi.wordpress.com/2013/09/03/kriget-ar-skrivet-i-sten/

Background



Speculations about whether or not the #US will attack #Syria are all over the news. Some believe the whole thing is a bluff, others that it will lead to a Third World War. I exclude no possibility but dare say that a new armed conflict in the #MiddleEast is inevitable. A major #war in the Middle East is written in stone, and in this post, I will try to explain why.

The dollar as the world currency



After the Second World War, the #dollar emerged as a global currency. #USA stood victorious with a fully intact industry and with the world’s largest #gold reserve; there was simply no realistic alternative to the dollar at that time. The post-war monetary paradigm that emerged was called the #Bretton-Woods system. The basic principle of this system was that all currencies were pegged against the dollar, which in turn was pegged against gold at $35 per ounce. In 1971, the Bretton-Woods system collapsed when the United States declared that it had printed too many dollars relative to how much gold it possessed. In practice this meant that the United States went bankrupt and the entire international monetary system had to be replaced.

Introducing the Petrodollar



Until 1971, the dollar was backed by the gold reserve possessed by the U.S. Everyone had confidence in dollars, because they could always be redeemed for the same amount of gold; hence trading in dollars was equivalent with trading in gold. In 1971, this confidence vanished and the lack of trust destabilized financial markets as the dollar now in practice was nothing more than a worthless piece of paper. To restore confidence in the dollar, and to maintain its position as a world #currency, Washington was forced to back its dollars with something else. The problem was tricky to solve because, not only did the U.S lack enough gold, it was also struck by #PeakOil the very same year. The decision was therefore to blatantly back up the dollar with other countries’ oil. #Washington knew that all countries in the world must buy oil in order to survive, and if everyone had to pay for that oil with dollar, the dollar would become even stronger than it had been before 1971.

The U.S. implemented a simple plan 1971: Forcing #OPEC to only accept dollars as payment for its #oil. Earlier, the U.S. gold reserve gave the dollar strength, now it was OPEC’s oil. Suddenly, the U.S. could print any amount of dollars at any time without presenting any underlying assets of its own.

The World of Petrodollar



Simplified to three individual countries, we can explain the current world trade like this:

#SaudiArabia: Provides the rest of the world with oil. Accepts only U.S. dollars as payment and thus have a large pile of dollars in its vault.

#China: Provides products and services to the rest of the world. By selling mainly to the U.S., and therefore getting paid in dollar, China is also piling up huge amounts of dollars.

#UnitedStates: Provides the world with U.S. dollars, as long as the printing press works the U.S. can freely #consume any amount of oil, and import whatever it needs from China.

It may seem absurd, but this is how the #Petrodollar works. China and Saudi Arabia are indeed rich in this system, but they are rich in dollars. If China and Saudi Arabia starts trading, they will actually just trade dollars with each other. No country can shop for their dollars without someone else getting an even bigger pile of dollars. You cannot escape the Petrodollar, period. The only thing that consumes Petrodollar in this system would be indebted countries that must pay of their dollar denominated debts. The fact that all dollars originate from the #printingpress in the U.S., translates into that all nations indebted in dollars are working for the U.S… for free.

Organizations such as the #WTO are actively maintaining this unjust world order by enforcing global #trade in Petrodollar. The #IMF is an organization that in a similar manner emits #loans in dollars, and thus forcing countries into the world of Petrodollar. All #debt must be paid by future #growth, which in turn requires more oil. Both debt and oil is paid for in dollars, the #monopoly currency of the United States. The #media is talking a lot about how the WTO stands for #freetrade and the IMF is helping poor countries get back on their feet. Nothing could be more misleading.

Have you ever wondered why some #thirdworld countries are so poor even though they have large amounts of natural #resources, cheap #labor, non-existent environmental laws and other benefits that would contribute to economic #wealth? These countries have no choice but to sell everything they own in exchange for dollars. Mines that take 10,000 men 100 years to build can easily be bought by the U.S. if the printing press runs a few extra hours in the evening. The Petrodollar is a #rigged game where some will lose no matter what they do.

Why not leave the Petrodollar?



Four OPEC countries have chosen to leave the Petrodollar: #Iraq, #Libya, #Iran and #Venezuela. The first two were bombed by the U.S., after which they re-introduced the Petrodollar. Iran and Venezuela suffer massive economic, diplomatic and even violent attacks from #Washington. Already eleven years ago, the #CIA organized a coup d’état in Venezuela that almost succeeded. Iran is even worse off with half the U.S. fleet off their coast. If you as a leader decide that your country should leave the Petrodollar, you may expect the U.S. to level your nation with the ground and make sure that you never make the same ”mistake” again.
Nobody wants to end up like #Gaddafi or #Saddam; therefore most countries sell their oil for dollars and enjoy U.S. #military protection.

Other nations of the world are either allied with the U.S. in this Petrodollar system, or in desperate need of oil, and thus have no other choice but to recognize the Petrodollar. #Russia is one exception to this rule, and one of few countries that dares to talk back to the U.S, simply because Russia is a huge oil producer and immune to the Petrodollar. Also China may resist pressure from Washington because the country imports large amounts of oil from the enemies of the Petrodollar in Russia, Iran and Venezuela. For countries that do not want to entrust Russia with their future, no alternative remains but to buy oil for dollars.

The Petrodollar is already 40 years old, will it survive another 40 years?
OPEC has lost half of its share of the world oil production since the Petrodollar was introduced. America’s own oil production has already peaked and will continue its downward trend once #shale oil no longer delivers what it promises. This is bad enough for the Petrodollar, but it will get worse.

In the beginning of this post I wrote that the dollar since 1971 was backed by oil. Even if OPEC, Russia and all other countries around the world tried to keep the Petrodollar alive it would not be sufficient since Peak Oil has already occurred. Because of Peak Oil, we know that oil production will not increase, but rather decrease. If oil production drops, the U.S. can no longer shop for freshly printed dollars without causing the price of oil, which is priced in dollars, to reach the moon.

The dollar is a currency backed by the amount of oil sold in dollars; this is the essence of the Petrodollar. The #price of oil will therefore increase if the U.S. prints more dollars than there is oil for sale in U.S. dollars. Similarly, the price of oil drops if the U.S. prints fewer dollars. Since Peak Oil has occurred, the U.S. has no choice but to print fewer dollars until the day comes when the Petrodollar finally dies. If the U.S. continues to print dollars at the same rate as before, #inflation and #hyperinflation will inevitably occur.

To stop printing dollars is not an option for the U.S. since Washington has indebted the country to the hilt. If the #FED even suggests that tapering is on the table, #interestrates skyrocket and #stockmarkets collapse. If the U.S. reduces the rate at which it is printing dollar, the national #debt will implode. If the U.S. doesn’t reduce the rate, the dollar itself will collapse through hyperinflation. Therefore, I am confident that Petrodollar cannot survive another 40 years, or even 4 years. Because of Peak Oil the collapse of the Petrodollar is a fact, the only questions are when and how.

Why must there be a war?



War never starts because someone has the wrong religion, is cruel to its people or anything else you have learned in school. People are fed with these stories to motivate families to sacrifice their sons for others’ financial interests. The #genocide in #Rwanda in 1994 was blatantly ignored, and countries like #France chose to leave the defenseless victims when it became critical. No one accepted the #UN’s appeal for #military intervention because there was no economic interest in an intervention in Rwanda. If there on the other hand are financial interests in a conflict, outside countries gladly provide #terrorists with #weapons in the hope that a situation will arise that justify military intervention.

The Petrodollar is the largest financial interest mankind has ever seen. Two world wars have been started for far less. When Peak Oil is now slowly but surely causing the Petrodollar to collapse, the U.S. has two options:
  • Accept that the #game is lost and let the nation implode.
  • Take advantage of the fact that it has a larger defense budget than the entire rest of the world combined.
The U.S. will obviously #gamble on option 2, especially since the impact of option 1 is at least as bad as a #war. Washington have known since 1971 that this day will eventually come and have already decided on option 2, this is the reason behind the enormous #defense budget. The U.S. has also clearly demonstrated, in for example #Iraq, that Washington will choose option 2 without a doubt.

Although the Petrodollar is doomed because of Peak Oil, Washington will try to exploit this #system to the very end. Let us assume that the U.S. succeeds and defeats Iran without triggering a new world war. Surely the Petrodollar will survive a couple of more years, but then Russia will emerge on the list of countries to be bombed. Or is there some other giant oil reserve I have missed that you can buy for dollars?

As unlikely as the U.S. abandons the benefits of the Petrodollar, is the idea that Russia and China voluntarily would allow themselves to be #enslaved under the very same Petrodollar. It should now be clear to everyone that Russia and China will not let U.S. embark on Iran without a fight. The leadership in #Moscow and #Beijing are fully aware of how the Petrodollar operates and understands the importance of keeping the world’s fourth largest oil producer beyond Washington’s grip.

The current situation gives the U.S. no choice but to bomb one oil country after another to feed the Petrodollar with new oil. In the end, China and Russia will be compelled in self-preservation to defend one of these oil countries, where after the war is a fact. By all appearances, it looks as if this #oilnation is called Iran.

Conclusion



The world has already been divided into two camps and the polarization is likely to continue, especially within OPEC. The #cartel has lost #Gabon and #Indonesia as members. #Ecuador has clearly demonstrated its contempt for the United States by failing to hand over #Assange. Iraq and Libya are in ruins after civil wars and American bombing raids. #Angola has slowly but surely fallen victim to China’s charm. Iran and Venezuela are at the forefront of an open #revolt against Petrodollar. For each day that passes, the U.S. loses influence over OPEC and must by all accounts take drastic measures not to lose control of the Petrodollar.

To directly attack Iran is considered too dangerous, which is why #Obama now threatens to attack Syria instead. Since Iran and Syria has a defense alliance, Washington hopes that Iran will feel compelled to intervene and thus be blamed for the entire war. If Iran does not interfere, and lets the U.S. bomb Syria unpunished, the Iranian regime will be undermined for the foreseeable future.

However, Obama is playing a dangerous game here; the situation in the Middle East can quickly escalate out of control. Neither China nor Russia will accept the U.S. offer of a world war just to save the regime in Syria, but both Beijing and Moscow stand ready to defend Iran regardless of circumstances. If Iran sinks an American ship in the #Persian #Gulf in retaliation for the attack on Syria, the war is a fact. By attacking Syria, the United States is simply giving Iran the right to decide whether or not this is the time for a new world war.

No matter what happens with Syria this autumn, the U.S. will escalate this conflict closer to a war with Iran. Russia and China defends Iran which, in turn, promised to defend Syria. Exactly how this develops is anybody’s guess, but at some point the U.S. will forcibly impose the Petrodollar on Iran, and that is why the #war is written in stone.

#capitalism #corruption #banks #bankers #fuckthesystem

Please write a new post to reshare - it makes new copies on other pods and keeps the information alive!

I have done that - this is a copy of the post from @himindri

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Peak Oil och dess konsekvenser

25 Facts About the Federal Reserve




zobrazit v plné velikosti



Unelected, unaccountable central planners from a private central #bank run our financial #system and manage our #economy. There is a reason why financial markets respond with a yawn when Barack #Obama says something about the economy, but they swing wildly whenever Federal Reserve Chairman Ben #Bernanke opens his mouth. The Federal Reserve has far more power over the U.S. economy than anyone else does by a huge margin. The Fed is the biggest Ponzi scheme in the history of the world, and if the American people truly understood how it really works, they would be screaming for it to be abolished immediately. The following are 25 fast facts about the #FederalReserve that everyone should know…
  • The greatest period of economic growth in #US history was when there was no central bank.
  • The #UnitedStates never had a persistent, ongoing problem with #inflation until the Federal Reserve was created. In the century before the Federal Reserve was created, the average annual rate of inflation was about half a percent. In the century since the Federal Reserve was created, the average annual rate of inflation has been about 3.5 percent, and it would be even higher than that if the inflation numbers were not being so grossly manipulated.
  • Even using the official numbers, the value of the U.S. #dollar has declined by more than 95 percent since the Federal Reserve was created nearly 100 years ago.
  • The secret November 1910 gathering at Jekyll Island, Georgia during which the plan for the Federal Reserve was hatched was attended by U.S. Senator Nelson W. Aldrich, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Department A.P. Andrews and a whole host of representatives from the upper crust of the #WallStreet banking establishment.
  • In 1913, Congress was promised that if the Federal Reserve Act was passed that it would eliminate the business cycle.
  • The following comes directly from the Fed’s official mission statement: “To provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system. Over the years, its role in #banking and the #economy has expanded.”
  • It was not an accident that a permanent income tax was also introduced the same year when the Federal Reserve system was established. The whole idea was to transfer wealth from our pockets to the federal government and from the federal #government to the #bankers.
  • Within 20 years of the creation of the Federal Reserve, the U.S. economy was plunged into the #GreatDepression.
  • If you can believe it, there have been 10 different economic recessions since 1950. The Federal Reserve created the “#dotcom bubble”, the Federal Reserve created the “#housing bubble” and now it has created the largest bond bubble in the history of the planet.
  • According to an official government report, the Federal Reserve made 16.1 trillion dollars in secret #loans to the big banks during the last financial #crisis. The following is a list of loan recipients that was taken directly from page 131 of the report…
  • The Federal Reserve also paid those big banks $659.4 million in fees to help “administer” those secret loans.
  • The Federal Reserve has created approximately 2.75 trillion dollars out of thin air and injected it into the financial system over the past five years. This has allowed the #stockmarket to soar to unprecedented heights, but it has also caused our financial system to become extremely unstable.
  • We were told that the purpose of #quantitativeeasing is to help “stimulate the economy”, but today the Federal Reserve is actually paying the big banks not to lend out 1.8 trillion dollars in “excess reserves” that they have parked at the Fed.
  • Quantitative easing overwhelming benefits those that own stocks and other financial investments. In other words, quantitative easing overwhelmingly favors the very wealthy. Even Barack Obama has admitted that 95 percent of the income gains since he has been president have gone to the top one percent of income earners.
  • The gap between the top one percent and the rest of the country is now the greatest that it has been since the 1920s.
  • The Federal Reserve has argued vehemently in federal court that it is “not an agency” of the federal government and therefore not subject to the Freedom of Information Act.
  • The Federal Reserve openly admits that the 12 regional Federal Reserve banks are organized “much like private corporations“.
  • The regional Federal Reserve banks issue shares of stock to the “member banks” that own them.
  • The Federal Reserve system greatly favors the biggest banks. Back in 1970, the five largest U.S. banks held 17 percent of all U.S. banking industry assets. Today, the five largest U.S. banks hold 52 percent of all U.S. banking industry assets.
  • The Federal Reserve is supposed to “regulate” the big banks, but it has done nothing to stop a 441 trillion dollar interest rate derivatives bubble from inflating which could absolutely devastate our entire financial system.
  • The Federal Reserve was designed to be a perpetual debt machine. The bankers that designed it intended to trap the U.S. government in a perpetual #debt spiral from which it could never possibly escape. Since the Federal Reserve was established nearly 100 years ago, the U.S. national debt has gotten more than 5000 times larger.
  • The U.S. government will spend more than 400 billion dollars just on interest on the national debt this year.
  • If the average rate of interest on U.S. government debt rises to just 6 percent (and it has been much higher than that in the past), we will be paying out more than a trillion dollars a year just in interest on the national debt.
  • According to Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. Congress is the one that is supposed to have the authority to “coin #Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures”. So exactly why is the Federal Reserve doing it?
  • There are plenty of possible alternative financial systems, but at this point all 187 nations that belong to the #IMF have a #centralbank. Are we supposed to believe that this is just some sort of a bizarre coincidence?
#capitalism #fascism #dictatorship #banks #petrodollar #fiatmoney #currency #fail #fuckthesystem
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